Thursday, 30 June 2011

Arulmigu Lakshmi Narasimhar Temple,Sholingapuram.

A Trek Up The Hills To Meet Lord Narashimha

It has always been a challenging and an adventurous experience for us when we go to this particular temple at Sholingur. Like Tirupati, this is also on top of a hill. It is located at an altitude of 750 feet. And, one has to climb 1,305 steep steps to reach the temple. After800-odd steps, there are a few rather steep curves. Once we negotiate these, there we come to final 100-odd steep and straight steps, leading into the temple. One has to walk the steps to arrive at this temple. There is no other transportation mode to reach this hill temple. You have to really sweat it out physically to have an audience with this Lord!Many attempts by well meaning people to provide a bus route and other means of transport have come to a naught. Devotees, young and old alike, make a slow step-by-step climb to savor the ultimate pleasure of having the glimpse of Lord Yoga Narasimha, seated ever so comfortably in a yogic posture.

We see physically challenged too winding their way up, brushing aside their disadvantage caused by very many factors. A quite determination is writ large in their faces. A sense of pleasure in the pain is palpable in their faces. There is also doli service. Two men carry the doli (with a seat in the middle like a jhoola, for one person). They charge a fee to carry differently-abled atop the hill temple. Blessed are these `carriers who help these differently-abled to have a darshan of Lord Narasimha!

Kadikachalam is the name of this temple. Kadigai means 24 minutes. Lord Narasimha, it was said, had granted seven rishis moksha (liberation from this world), when they meditated for a Kadigai.

Narasimha is the fourth incarnation of Lord Vishnu in the Dasavathara. Lord Narasimha, after slaying the demon, Hiranyakashipu, in the Narasimha avatar reached this hill to bless the saptha rishis, who were doing penance at the Kadikachalam hill. The sapta (seven) rishis are: Vasistha, Kasyapa, Athiri, Jamadagni, Gautama,Bharathwaja and Viswamitra. They did penance at this hill for a Kadigai (24 minutes), prostrating before Lord Narasimha. Lord Narasimha protected his devotee Prahalada after slaying demon Hiranyakashipu and reached here straight from Ahobilam (in Andhra Pradesh) and granted moksha to these Maharishis. Hence this place came to be called as Kadikachalam. Those who worship this Lord for a Kadigai, they will be blessed by this God. It is also believed that Sage Viswamithra meditated here for a Kadigai and obtained the Brahma Rishi title. Kadikachala Kshetra Mahatmiyam is described in Brahma Kaivartha Purana.
This temple is also among the 108 Divya Desams (Vishnu shrines). Tirumangai Azhwar has called Lord Narasimha as Akkarakani (nectar).The Vimanam or the temple tower is known as Hemakoti Vimanam. The Goddess (big) of this temple is known as Amirtha Valli Thayar. She blesses the devotees with boons (yielding, prosperity, longevity and happiness). The utsava (small) Goddess is known as Sudhavalli thayar. The unique feature of this temple is that Lord Yoga Narasimha (big deity) on the hill-top is seated in a yoga asana with Salagrama Hara (necklace) and Chaturbuja (four arms). HE holds Sanka (conch) and Chakra (discus) on two arms. The other two arms signify a meditative posture. Lord Narasimha, it is said, opens his eyes from HIS meditationonly during the Tamil month of Karthigai, which falls on November-December months, and blesses his devotees. Hence, HE has delegated HIS authority to Goddess Amirtha Valli Thayar, who grants instantly boons to the devotees who come to this temple.
(Picture:Goddess Sudhavalli Thayar and Bhaktavatsalar during the Kalyana Utsavam in the Sholingur town temple)

Stories are aplenty in this little hamlet on how devotees were cured of various diseases and other evil spirits. Goddess Amirtha Valli comes in the dream of devotees who stay here on vrath (seva) for a few days. Often, SHE cures their disease and fulfils their wishes. As we hear such incidents from a few devotees, we stand literally frozen. One has to see to believe. They have unquestionable faith in this Lord. Many visit this temple quite frequently with their family to show their gratitude to the Lord who has fulfilled their wishes. These hill temples are located at Kondapalyam, near Sholingur. Many frequently visit this temple and stay in choultries and other rooms available at the foothills.

It is customary for the devotees to take a bath in the temple tank known as Takkan Kulam also known as Brahma Tirtham. It is round-shaped and a very big tank. People take a dip here before starting to climb the hills to have a darshan of the Lord. There is also a temple for Hanuman or Anjaneya in this place. It is also atop a hill. One has to climbaround 400 steps to have a darshan of Hanuman.Steps here are also equally steep.

Hanuman has four arms (chatusbuja) with a Sanka and Chakra in two arms. Here Hamuman is known as Yoga Anjaneya. HE is also seated in a yogic posture with a Jap Mala and Jap Sanka and meditating upon Lord Narasimhan.Lord Rama Patabisheka is engraved on his Krida (crown) of Hanuman. Lord Hanuman here protects devotees and grants them various boons. Nowhere else in India is Lord Hanuman seen with Sanka and Chakra given by Lord Narasimha himself to protect the devotees. Hence, a visit to this temple will definitely ensure devotees a prosperous life.

As we climb the big hill, it is really a tough experience. We manage to reach the halfway stage. The overhead steel shade makes the climb somewhat less difficult. We see many peddling eatables and water bags and making a living out of selling. We see monkeys freely moving around all the way, as though they are asserting their tenancy right. Unmindful of the heat, they roam around the steps looking to pounce on soft targets. Sure enough, they do mange to find their targets. Well, devotees appear unmindful of the aggressors and give up very easily. After all, these monkeys pounce on them to find their food. Many carry sticks to ward off the threat from monkeys! More often, the monkeys win over men! Since Lord Hanuman lives here, HIS family of monkeys also has its dwelling place in these temple hills. They are very tricky customers. From plucking the fruits to scaring away devotees and fighting with their colleagues they evoke a range of emotions (fear, excitement, anger and what not). They are quite efficient in plucking the flowers adorned by female devotees on their heads. Hence, many visitors dont keep flowers on their head. The monkeys, however, keep away when we say Rama to protect ourselves. Anjaneya (and HIS family) is the foremost disciple of Lord Rama.

A divine power drives us to the top of the temple, even while we pant and puff. It appears always an impossible task to reach the top each time we begin our climb. Like earlier, this time too we finally find ourselves atop and into the temple to our amazement. No need for air-conditioning here. The wind gently blows cool breeze on all sides. As we look down from the hilltop, we see fields and houses looking like toys. It is indeed an absolutely beautiful sight. The big and super big houses all appear tiny as we view them from the top! The smallness of the material world stands exposed when we view it from a high pedestal!
The Utsava (small) deity is known as Bhaktavatsalar. HE resides in the plain (not in the hills). There is a separate temple in Sholingur town for the small deity Bhaktavatsalar with Goddess Sridevi and Bhoodevi on either side. It is an old temple dating back to many years. This place was previously known as Chola Simha Puram. It later came to be known as Sholingapuram. This utsava deity is brought to the hilltop only a few days in a year - during Narasimha Jayanthi, the birth star of the Lord Narasimha; when hoisting the flag or the Dwajaarohana (Chitirai Utsavam) during Brahmotsavam (performed for ten days) every year; and during the Kalyana (Vivaha Mahotsavam) in March known as Panguni Uthiram. The divine marriage of Goddess Sudhavalli Thayar with Bhaktochitar is performed in the hilltop. The Lord is also brought back during the Dwajaavarohana or while bringing the flag down on the ninth day, a day before the finish of the Brahmotsavam festival. There is also a sannadhi for Adi Keshava in the Sholingur town temple.

(Picture:Goddess Sudhavalli thayar at the Vivaha Mahotsavam at Sholingur)

Interestingly enough, Sholingur has one more temple at the foothills near the Takkan kulam. This temple is a link between Kanchipuram Varadaraja and a Swamy known as Dottacharya. Swamy Dottacharya had done essential service to the Lord at the Sholingur hills. Dottacharya Swami used to visit Kanchipuram Varadaraja Swamy every year. He was unable to do so once because of ill health. He felt very sad and recited five slokams composed on Lord Varadaraja. At that point of time, the Brahmotsavam festival was going on at Kanchipuram. Lord Varadaraja was seated on Garuda Vahana.While Swamy Dottacharya chanted the slokams, Lord Varadaraja disappeared from the Garuda Vahana at Kanchipuram even as the Pujaris stood stumped. Lord Varadaraja appeared on the banks of Takkan Kulam (temple tank) in front of Dottacharya Swami. Hence, a temple was built here. This event dates back to nearly 400 years. After giving darshan to Dottacharya Swami, Lord Varadaraja re-appeared at Kanchipuram and the Pujaris were overjoyed. It shows the benevolence of the Lord towards his devotees.

Utsava deity Bhaktavatsalar comes in a Girivalam once every year at Sholingur. This takes place on the third day after Pongal in the month of Thai (January). Many devotees - young and old - go in girivalam at this time. It is indeed an exhilarating experience as it continues into night and ends the next morning. The Lord visits each and every small hamlet located around the hills. The devotees welcome the Lord with fruits, flowers, coconuts and garlands during the occasion. All along, one could see a festive atmosphere. While Lord Bhaktavatsalar travels these places, devotees follow HIM during the girivalam overnight and reach the temple at Sholingur town the next morning. It is a memorable experience and stays in the mind for several days. Be it a regular trip up the hill temple or the annual girivalam we return rejuvenated. Once we reach home, we instantly look for our next call from Lord Narasimha!

Sholingur town is located in the Vellore district of Tamil Nadu. Vellore is the district headquarters and is about 43 kms away from Sholingur. The nearest metro is Chennai, about 120 km south-east. A famous pilgrimage centre in the vicinity of Sholingur is Thiruttani, 25 kms away. ( Home to Lord Murgua, who is again seated on a hilltop).

Yoga Narasimhar Sholingur

Arulmigu Lakshmi Narasimhar Temple,Sholingapuram, Vellore Dist.

Temple History

Sholinghur or CholaSimhapuram is anciently known as Thirukadigai. This fact is evident from the sacred poems of the Third Thiruvanthathi of Peyalvar and from ThirumangaiAlvar. The name of this place is Kadighachalam as known from ancient legend. Kadiga is the name of a space of Time.

Big Hill Temple

Achalam is Hill. Lord Narasimha gave mukthi to Prahalathan by appearing in Yoga. Hence this place is known as Kadigachalam. Since Peyalvar worshipped this place by his pasuram,this is one of the oldest Temple.

Karikal Cholan of Chola dynasty divided his country into 48 divisions of which one is known as Kadigai Nadu. Kadiga is known as the place of Learning. Please note the name Kanchi Kadigai.

Since Vedha and other rare arts are taught in this place,. this is known as Kadigachalam. Vaishnava teachers called this as Cholasimhapuram.

It is known from the inscription that the temple is an ancient one. During Vijayanagara regime Erumbi is famous. Swami Dhoddachar is the main person for the developement of Sholinghur.

Town Temple

Sri Acharya Swami, a renowned educationist with the help of Vijayanagara Kings abolished the forest and established the present Sholinghur.

The Temple is in the midst of the Town with a Tank and Car Mandapam. From the records, it is known that the Temple is renovated during 1588. A.D Swami's ardent devotees M/s. Thakkan Reddy and Mudaliandan make some renovations under the able guidance of swamiji. They have the right to take the Vahanams during Brahmotsavam. After the completion of the procession they have the right to receive the honour next to the Acharya.

There is an inscription of 14th century in the Big Hill and another of 17th century in Small Hill and also a inscription in Telugu Language.

There is a small window opposite to Lord Narasimhas Shrine at Big Hill, through which the Lord give darsan to Yoga Anjeneya at Small Hill. Yoga Narasimhar is facing east and the Small Hill is at the eastern side of the Big Hill.

Town Temple

Swamy Dhottachar used to worship Lord Varadaraja Perumal of Kanchi on the third day of Brahmotchavam every year. Once he was not able to visit kanchi and thus missed the Seva. The worried Dhottachar offered prayers to Lord Varadharajar sitting on the banks of Brahma Theertham at Sholinghur.

Kanchi Garuda Seva

Lord Varadarajar of Kanchi , pleased by the prayers of Swamy Dhottachar, appeared before him on Garuda Vahanam (Mount). This incident resulted in a ritual called Dhottachar Seva performed on the third day of Brahmmotchavam at Kanchi Varadarajar Temple even now.

Temple's Puranic History

The name Kadigachalam came as the Lord gave darsan to the Saptharishi to a kadigai time and gave mukthi. He also gave darsan to Prahalatha by changing his figure of Terror and in the yoga stage.

Lord Anjeneya who is in the yoga stage helped Indrathymna Maharaja in killing the Arakkan Nikumban and saved his country. It was held on Sunday and hence evey Sunday is an important one for Siriya Thiruvadi. People take a bath in the Chakkra Theertham of the small hill and worship the Lord.

In Karthigai sundays people pray Lord after taking bath in the Chakkra Theertham and by lying down on its steps. People belive that Lord come and fulfill the wishes of the devotees in their dreams.

Sacred Thirumanjanam and poojas are performed for Lord Anjeneya on all Sundays. The Brahma theertham well, which is full of mineral water gives cure for many diseases. The water is tested by King Institute and certified as a mineral water which is good for health.



This is the only Vaishnava Temple of the Vellore District which is praised by the Alwars in their pasuram. Many culverts show its importance.

Chalukkya King came from the North to Tamilnadu and learnt in Kanchi kadigai. This is gradually known as Sholinghur or Sholingapuram. There are many culverts near the lake and in Kangaikondan Mandapam in Sannadhi street.

Swami Dhottachariar is the sthala Acharyar. It is said that he planned to construct the Temple and the Town. This temple is dedicated in Sarvathari year Meena month, Sutha Panchami day. Erumbi Padmapuram was the dwelling place of vainava Acharya.

The prints of culverts were taken during 1896 and 1952-53.

Archeological survey shows that construction of big and small hills are age old and ancient. The reports given by them show that during the regime of Sri Veeerabadhra Ramadevarayar and Sri Venkatapathy Devarayar in 1527 ( 1619 A.D) renovated the same.

Books on these Temples

1.Kadighachala Puram ( in Sanskrit)

2.Tenalai Rama Krishna Kadighachala Puranam ( in Telugu)

3.Hymns of Alwars (Thirumangai Alvar, Nammalvar, Peyalvar)

4.One Pasuram in 108 Tirpathi Anthathi - by Pillai Perumal Iyangar.

5.A Sanskrit Keerthana in praise of Lord Narasimha  by Muthusamy Dikshidar.

Yoga Narasimhar Temple,Sholingur